Dry mouth

Dry mouth is also called as xerostomia….

Symptoms of Dry Mouth.….

* A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth.

* Frequent thirst.

* Sores in the mouth; sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth; cracked lips.

* A dry feeling in the throat.

* A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth and especially on the tongue.

* A dry, red, raw tongue.

* Problems speaking or difficulty tasting, chewing, and swallowing.

* Hoarseness, dry nasal passages, sore throat.

Causes of xerostomia

 

  • Surgical removal of the salivary glands.
  • Lifestyle, Smoking or tobacco can affect saliva production and aggravate dry mouth.
  • Continuously breathing with your mouth open can also contribute to the problem.
  • Nerve damage. Dry mouth can be a result of nerve damage to the head and neck area from an injury or surgery.
  • Dehyration. Conditions that lead to dehydration are fever, excessive sweating ,vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, and burns can cause dry mouth.
  • Side effect of certain medications. Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and nonprescription drugs. including drugs used to treat depression,allergies,anxiety,pain,hypertension,diarrhea,cold,obesity,nausea,psychotic disorders,asthma and parkinson’s disease.. Dry mouth can also a side effect of muscle relaxants and sedatives.
  • Side effect of certain diseases and infections. Dry mouth can be a side effect of medical conditions, including Sjogren’s syndrome, HIV/AIDS, anemia, hypertension, diabetes, stroke and mumps.
  • Side effect of certain medical treatments. Damage to the salivary glands, the glands that produce saliva, for example, from radiation to the head and neck and cchemotherapy treatments for cancer, can reduce the amount of saliva produced.
  • Nerve damage. Dry mouth can be a result of nerve damage to the head and neck area from an injury or surgery.
  • Dehydration. Conditions that lead to dehydration are fever, excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, and burns can cause dry mouth.

TREATMENT OF DRY MOUTH

If you think you suffer from any of the symptoms mention above.

* If your dry mouth is caused by certain medication you are taking, talk to your doctor. He or she may adjust the dose you are taking for your disease or switch you to a different drug that doesn’t cause dry mouth to you further.

* In addition, an oral rinse to restore mouth moisture may be prescribed. If that doesn’t help a medication that stimulates saliva production, called Salagen may be prescribed.

* Other steps you can take that may help improve saliva flow include:

  • Sucking on sugar-free candy or chewing sugar-free gum.
  • Drinking plenty of water to help keep your mouth moist.
  • Protecting your teeth by brushing with a fluoride toothpaste, using a fluoride rinse, and visiting your dentist regularly.
  • Breathing through your nose, not your mouth, as much as possible.
  • Using a room vaporizer to add moisture to the bedroom air.
  • Using an over-the counter artificial saliva substitute.
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