A dental extraction also referred to as exodontia is the removal of a tooth from the mouth..

Reasons for tooth extraction

The most common reason for extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay

Other reasons are;

* Severe tooth decay or infection.

* Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.

* Severe gum disease  which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.

* In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces)

* Teeth in the fracture line

* Fractured teeth.

* Insufficient space for wisdom teeth (impacted third molars).

* Receiving radiation to the head and neck may require extraction of teeth in the field of radiation.

Types of extraction

Extractions are often categorized as “simple” or “surgical”.

Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthesia.

Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. Surgical extractions almost always require an incision..

Post Extraction Healing

Following extraction of a tooth, a blood clot forms in the socket usually within 1 hour. Bleeding is common in this first hour, but its likelihood decreases quickly as time passes, and is unusual after 24 hours. The raw open wound overlying the dental socket takes about 1 week to heal. Thereafter, the socket will gradually fill in with soft gum tissue over a period of about 1 – 2 months. Final closure of the socket with bony remodeling can take 6 months or more

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