Oral Health in Children

INTRODUCTION

Good oral health is an essential component of our overall health.It is even more important for the growing children as oral diseases have implications beyond the mouth and can cause significant general health problems, pain, interference with eating, and lost school time.
Dentists can play an important role in preventing oral diseases by screening risk assessment, preventive care and treatment.They can also form a strong oral health foundation by educating parents and children, the importance of a healthy mouth.

PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES IN CHILDREN WORLDWIDE AND IN INDIA

Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease in children and its prevalebce is increasing.According to the Indian dental assosciation, dental caries is the most common chronic infectious childhood disease.

A National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2004 throughout India has shown dental caries
51.9% in 5 year-old children,
53.8% in 12 year- old children
63.1% in 15-year old teenagers

The World Dental Federation estimates that 83% of chidren aged 6-19 years have dental caries.

EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES

Early Childhood CarieS(ECC) has been defined as the presence of one or more decayed, missing ( due to caries ), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary teeth in a child of 3 years or younger.

In children younger than 3 years of age, any sign of smooth-surface caries is indicative of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC).

 

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